File:Simon Fokke - Jean George Holtzhey - penning Maatschappij der Wetenschappen Haarlem.jpg|thumb|Commemorative print to celebrate the founding of the Dutch Society of Science in 1752, featuring the prize medal Johann Georg Holtzhey designed for them; engraving by Simon Fokke
File:Hodshon huis - Spaarne - Mij van Wetenschappen.JPG|thumb|right|Hodshon house in Haarlem
The '''Koninklijke Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen''' (Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities), located on the east side of the Spaarne
in downtown Haarlem
, Netherlands, was established in 1752 and is the oldest society for the sciences in the country. The society has been housed in its present location, called Hodshon Huis, since 1841. Nearby the society is the Teylers Museum
, a closely related museum of natural history founded in 1784. In 2002 the society was awarded the predicate "Royal" when it celebrated 250 years of science studies.